Muscle Tuning™ Grows on the Shoulders of Leading Edge Studies
Links below lead to various studies that support the scientific basis of Muscle Tuning™.
Muscle testing originated as a way for orthopaedic surgeons and physiotherapists to evaluate muscle strength on a 1-to-3 scale. It evolved to grading responses from 1-to-5 on the 'Oxford Scale'. This approach is known as Manual Muscle Testing.
Variations such as muscle response testing emerged in relation to assessing communication between the nervous system, the meridian system and muscles. This is a 'lighter' style of testing. Facilitators of this type of testing have been called Specialized Kinesiologists. Canadians have instead adopted the term 'Bioenergetic Wellness Facilitators' to distinguish themselves from university-trained Kinesiologists.
Those who utilize muscle response testing as a tool to assess the body’s nervous system and subtle-energy flows believe that this tool helps them support wellness.
When properly applied it gives instantly observable bio-feedback indicating the quality of the electrical signals between brain and body.
In the hands of individuals who are well trained, muscle testing assists them in identifying and correcting energetic imbalances for their clients. It is considered a wholistic approach.
See the following links for published articles and studies:
The effects of a Touch for Health energy balance on muscle strength and ratio
This study showcases shifts in strength ratios between opposing muscles, signaling enhanced joint injury prevention
School of Physical Education and Athletics, Lakehead University, Ontario, Canada,1991
By Heather A. Armstrong (Phillips)View Here
Estimating the prevalence of use of kinesiology-style manual muscle testing
kMMT has been estimated to be used by over 1 million people worldwide
University of Oxford: Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, UK; Department of Continuing Professional Education; 2015
By Anne JensenView Here
The phenomenon of indicator muscle change
How transient loss of isometric muscle strength is used as a biofeedback tool. This was examined in a blind and double blind setting
Southern Cross University, 1997
By Anna E. RolfesSee Here
Back pain study
Professional Kinesiology Practice for Chronic Low Back Pain: Single-Blind, Randomised Controlled Pilot Study
Complementary and Integrative Medicine Research, Primary Medical Care, University of Southampton, UK, 2013
By Susan Eardley, Sarah Brien, Paul Little, Philip Prescott, George LewithView Here
Reliability and validity of manual muscle testing: a literature review
The aim of this report is to provide an historical overview, literature review, description, synthesis and critique of the reliability and validity of manual muscle testing in the evaluation of the musculoskeletal and nervous system
Chiropractic & Osteopathy 2007
By Scott C. Cuthbert DC and George J. Goodheart Jr. DCView Here
ICAK Applied Kinesiology collected papers structured abstracts 1996 - 2006
A collection of information, some of which is pertinent to muscle response testing practiced by non-chiropractors. Review of basic science and research that has been conducted on MMT since 1915
International College of Applied Kinesiology - USA Research
Edited by Scott Cuthbert, D.C.Call To Action
From our mentor, Dr. Charles T. Krebs
Developer of the Learning Enhancement Acupressure Program (LEAP) derived from his deep neurological understanding of the body and energetic principles. A humble man with four degrees and a deep sense of humour.